The Library of Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute (Deemed University) is a very important component of the University and has a special place in the world of higher learning and research, both at the national and international levels. It is a unique library having collections mainly in the fields of Archaeology, Ancient Indian History, Medieval History, Anthropology, Linguistics, Sanskrit, Philosophy and Religion. It has inherited a rare collection of books from the old Deccan College whose origins go back to 1821. Now it has a collection of more than one lakh seventy thousand documents. The Institute's library occupies a total carpet area of about 42,000 square feet, with spacious stack-rooms, reference and reading rooms and 40 independent study rooms for research scholars. The first floor houses periodicals and reference section with two spacious reading rooms and the ground floor houses the administrative wing (acquisition section and circulation counter), a reading room and two stack rooms for books.
The library has card catalogue system based on Dr. Ranganathan's Classified Catalogue Code (4th Edn.) and Colon Classification System (2nd Edn.). To promote research environment in its true spirit, this is one among a small number of University libraries in India which give open access facility to the readers.
The Deccan College Library is one of the best examples of a research Library as well as a specialized Library in the fields of Archaeology, Linguistics and Sanskrit in the country with excellent user-friendly facilities, which are being availed by students and research scholars from all parts of India and even outside.