The Department of Sanskrit and Lexicography is aimed at diffusing scientific knowledge in the areas of Sanskrit and Lexicography. Deccan College has a long illustrious tradition of Sanskrit studies. It started as Hindu College in 1821 where all branches of Sanskrit were studied. The Department of Sanskrit and Lexicography presently offers M.A. and Ph.D. Degree courses in Sanskrit and Lexicography. The Department has professional expertise. The faculty consists of experts well-versed in various fields such as Veda, Vedānta, Vyākaraṇa, Śrauta, Mīmāṁsā, Sāhitya, Nyāya, Astronomy, Dramaturgy Dharmaśāstra, Arthaśāstra, Buddhism, Jainism, Tantras etc. Also the staff is highly experienced in the domain of Sanskrit Lexicography as they have been working in the monumental project of 'An Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Sanskrit on Historical Principles.' Deccan College has a huge Library containing a large number of Books and Journals. It has also a rich collection of manuscripts in Sanskrit numbering over ten thousand which itself is an asset for the scholars in different fields of research. The Department imparts instruction and conducts research in all the branches of Sanskrit Literature. This is the only University Department in the country which provides for the combined study of Lexicography along with Sanskrit studies.